Research

The 30-year Quest for the Leishmaniasis Vaccine

Hidden in tropical regions, there exists an ancient plague that can “… eat away your nose and lips until they fall off and leave your face an open weeping sore” (1). This plague is Leishmaniasis, a thousand-year-old human disease that has repeatedly proven its resilience to effective treatment or prevention. In the present day, Leishmaniasis…

Animals Behind the Scenes: Model Organisms

For hundreds of years, people have looked to animals and plants to explain elusive human phenomena. Aesop’s fables and ancient texts highlight the extent of this human-animal relationship. In these didactic stories, the whimsical portrayal of animals and plants is used to illustrate and concretize human action. Aside from human imagination, animals and plants have…

A Crash Course on Immunotherapy

Our immune system has amazing capabilities. From macrophages that ‘eat’ microbes to plasma cells which produce specific antibodies, numerous cell types work in conjunction to eliminate pathogens from the body. Equipped to target a wide range of foreign threats, the immune system’s T cells are especially powerful and adaptable, even able to recognize internal danger…

Living with MS

“I am not a disease,” as Nancy Mairs wrote in 1986 as a person living with Multiple Sclerosis. This syndrome is characterized for unknown causation and non-fatalness, bringing carriers a broad spectrum of symptoms, most of which involve exacerbation, the sudden onset of worsening, and the recovery from it (1).Diagnosing someone with MS can be…

The Insulin Alternative

Diabetes, a disease characterized by impaired glucose homeostasis due to a deficiency in pancreatic beta cell mass or function, currently affects over 300 million people around the world and costs just under two million dollars to care for in the United States alone. As of today, the most prominent treatment for diabetes consists of insulin…

Vitamin D Deficiency: A New Pandemic

Rickets, a disease caused by vitamin D deficiency, is rarely diagnosed by the practicing physician today. At the beginning of the twentieth century, rickets was prevalent among poor children living in polluted and industrialized cities. The discovery of vitamin D and its anti-rachitic properties soon brought about the fortification of milk with vitamin D and…

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